Birth control, although many believe it is primarily for preventing pregnancy, can also be used for a variety of conditions as well. Throughout the past few years, more options have become available for birth control. There are several different dosage forms available ranging from oral, transdermal, intravaginal, and intrauterine devices. Each woman will prefer a birth control method based on their daily life and their co-existing health conditions.


Disease Synthesis:

There are 3 main phases of the menstrual cycle, the follicular phase, ovulation, and the luteal phase. During the follicular phase follicles develop and there is a secretion of estrogen. Then there is one dominant follicle that releases the ova. Once the ova is released LH is stimulated in the luteal phase. This causes the release of estrogen and progesterone which in return decreases the levels of LH and FSH. When the levels of LH and FSH are low the woman begins her period. Most women start their menstrual cycle around age 12 and have their menstrual cycle until about their late 40s or early 50s.


Signs & Symptoms:

There are no specific underlying signs and symptoms that contribute to the use or need of birth control. However, many women start to utilize birth control to prevent pregnancy once they become sexually active. Other women may utilize birth control to help cure acne or painful periods in addition to premenstrual syndrome symptoms (PMS).


Contributing Factors & those at risk:

Almost all women will have a menstrual cycle every month. Although there is nobody at risk for needing birth control more than others, those individuals who are engaging in risky sexual behaviors may be more inclined to utilize birth control. Women who have bad acne or PMS symptoms may also be more inclined to use birth control as these assist with those conditions. Some birth control methods can also eliminate a period together from happening each month.


Holistic Treatments:

The most effective holistic treatment is abstinence, but most people will not be abstinent for their entire lives, so there are alternative methods.

Barrier methods must be used every time you have sex, and these include condoms, cervical caps, sponges, and diaphragms. The other holistic treatment method for birth control involves avoiding sex on days when the woman is most fertile and most likely to become pregnant. This method heavily relies on the ovulation cycle, which can be hard to track and is not the most effective birth control method.



There are several different types of birth control options, and these choices rely heavily on patient preferences. These choices are listed below along with some of the more common side effects of each option.

Hormonal Pills


Emergency Contraception: Ulipristal (Ella)

Patch (COC)

Ring (COC)


Intrauterine Device (IUD)- Both types are highly effective at preventing pregnancy and reversible

Hormonal (Levonorgestrel)

Non-Hormonal (Copper)

Implant (Etonogestrel)



Adverse Effects of Treatments:

The most common adverse effects of taking birth control include headaches, irregular bleeding, nausea, and weight gain. Some women may have venous thromboembolism as a result of taking birth control.







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